Monday, January 13, 2020
Diorite is an igneous rock formed from the partial melting of the crust caused from by basaltic magma from the mantle. It is associated with batholiths, dikes and stocks usually around volcanic arcs. Its volcanic equivalent is andesite which is formed from strombolian type volcanoes. DISCUSSION Physical properties: Diorite is a phaneritic rock that is speckled black and white/grey with a very variable colour index of between 40 and 90 over short distances. The rock has an equigranular or porphyritic texture and has a generally coarse grain size but can be pegmatitic. Phenocrysts of feldspar and horneblende can be found in the porphyritic variety. The equigranular and porphyritic varieties may vary in texture between each other within a few centimetres. A foliated appearance can develop from the roughly parallel alignment of the minerals. The rock has an intermediate composition between plagioclase feldspar (oligoclase or andesine) and amphibole (usually hornblende) with various other minor minerals like pyroxene, biotite. Quartz and alkali feldspar may also be present. When the amount of quartz increases, the rock is named quartz diorite. The rock grades into granodiorite as the amount of quartz and alkali feldspar increases. Alkali feldspar increase. Some common accessory minerals are apatite, titanite and various iron oxides. Xenoliths from the partially melted margins of the magma chamber are common. Origin: Diorite usually forms along with granite in continental crust aboveÃ subduction zones.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Leadership Critique Paper The textbook, Concepts for Nursing Practice, defines leadership as, Ã¢â¬Å"an interactive process that provides needed guidance and direction.Ã¢â¬ (Giddens, J., 2013, p.375). Leaders can be informal, a coworker that everyone looks up to, or formal, a manager that has authority that has been given to them (Giddens, J., 2013, p.375). In the case of the nurse manager I have been shadowing, she is a formal leader. The hospital has appointed her as the Surgical Services Nurse Manager to lead the Surgical Services departments and act as their spokesperson when addressing upper management. Her position within the heath care team is as a liaison between upper management and lower tier health care leaders. The Surgical ServicesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The most common styles she employs are democratic leadership, laissez-faire leadership, and shared leadership. Her position as a liaison between upper management and the nurse leads contributes to her need to regularly switch from a pos ition of leader to follower and back again, keeping her not only extremely busy, but out of the office for most of the day. To lead her team, she must change tactics all day long, from one task to another. The leadership styles democratic leadership, laissez-faire leadership, and shared leadership all have one thing in common, these styles allow for the nurse manager to permit her team of nurse leads, the power to lead themselves. The nurse manager is capable of putting large amounts of responsibility in their subordinateÃ¢â¬â¢s hands, knowing that they are skilled and qualified to make decisions without interference (Giddens, J., 2013, p.376). These styles tend to work effectively for the Surgical Services Nurse Manager because her team of nurse leads are experienced and capable of performing their jobs with little to no feedback. While each of these three leadership styles: democratic leadership, laissez-faire leadership, and shared leadership, share some similarities, they are all slightly different, with some being more effective than others. Of the leadership styles she engages in, her use of shared leadership is most effective, while her use of the laissez-faireShow MoreRelatedLeadership Vision Paper879 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLeadership Vision Paper Leadership Vision Paper The vision statement continues the expression of the desired service and the level of achievement necessary to achieve the mission. The values selected are those that support example of innovation-based mission, vision, and values statement (Porter-OÃ¢â¬â¢Grady amp; Malloch, 2011.) My vision statement is: To treat all patients with dignity and respect at all times. To explain not only what I am about to do for them, but why. I will provide Evidence-basedRead MoreWhat Learning Has Occurred And How This Will Influence Future Practice As A Staff Nurse Working1347 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdissertation as part of a BSc (Hons) nursing degree. The dissertation has been completed as a patchwork text order, consisting of 4 separate pieces of work which at the end all link together. From partaking in this module the author has learnt how to successfully conduct a literature review. The author had never previously conducted a literature review, so the whole process was a new learning experience. The literature review consisted of an extensive review of papers and literature into the authors chosenRead MoreThe Theory Of Nursing Theory1417 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesImportance of Theory There are many ideas about theory in nursing. The definition of nursing theory is a group of concepts that can be tested, changed or used to guide research (McEwen Willis, 2014). This writer was exposed to theory in under-graduate classes and understands the importance of theory to her nursing practice. This paper will review the importance of nursing theory. It will also focus on Patricia BennerÃ¢â¬â¢s Novice to Expert Theory. Importance of Theory Many nurse theorists haveRead MoreThe Qualities Of A Nurse Leader Essay1189 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn nursing, we grow every day; learning to be a strong professional takes many skills. Some people are born with, and some acquired through practice and research. It is important in being a good democratic leader to establish rules effectively with peers and subordinates. Leadership involves action, creativity, motivation, and visioning. It is viewing the possibilities and motivating others to make things happen (Kearney-Nunnery, 2016). Evidence based practice is a must to have a successful and aRead MoreThe Theory Of Nursing Theory1570 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChamberlain College of nursing Importance of Theory There are many ideas about theory in nursing. The definition of nursing theory is a group of concepts that can be tested, changed or used to guide research (McEwen Willis, 2014). This writer was exposed to theory in under-graduate classes but in the last four years of practice hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t put a lot of thought into nursing theory. Although, knowing and understanding that nursing theory is part of daily nursing practice. This paper will review the importanceRead MoreThe Registered Nurse Is Responsible For Providing Comprehensive And Effective Nursing Care1221 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesinclude being a graduate from an accredited school of nursing with a bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree preferable, a current NYS license and ACLS required (for Burn ICU nurses). The registered nurse is responsible for providing comprehensive and effective nursing care (careers.nyp.org). The registered nurse is also responsible for educating patients and families and for promoting the development of the nursing pr ofession through Evidence Based Practice. Goals for nursing practice include advancing professional practiceRead MoreResearch Critique, Part 2969 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesResearch Critique, Part 2 Introduction to Nursing of Nursing Nursing 433v October 26, 2013 Research Critique, Part 2 Introduction Improving patient satisfaction has been the forefront of nursing for the past decade. Many studies have been executed to assess practice and procedures that will improve patient satisfaction and patient safety. Nursing leadership and bedside nursing staff play a pivotal role in transforming bedside nursing. A critical appraisal was conducted in Australia by GardnerRead MoreLeadership Role Of A Nurse Leader1315 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLeadership Role in Change and Innovation Nursing leaders play a fundamental role in the complex health care system. They are vital in ensuring change and innovation occurs around them. In this paper, a community specific nursing shortage will be explained and the outcomes if no changes happen. A detailed discussion into the various change initiatives that could improve the nursing shortage will occur. Following that, a critique of the initiatives will be discussed. Finally, the LEADS framework willRead MoreLeadership in Professional Nursing Essay1443 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLeadership in Professional Nursing Introduction Every day, a set team of nurses and nursing managers set out to ensure the health and well-being of their patients. To achieve this goal, a nurse manager must adhere to a specific style of nursing leadership. There are many different styles of leadership in the healthcare field. Bass and Barnes (1985) stated that the two most common are transformational and transactional (as cited in Frankel, 2008, p.24). This paper will define leadership, theRead MoreEssay about Importance of Nursing Theory1317 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNursing theories are the support of nursing practice today. They are significant to nursing practice, education and scientific research because they help to determine, what is already known, and what additional knowledge and skills are needed. Nurses are usually first exposed to nursing theories during nursing education and further exposure comes from hands on training. The gained knowledge, about nursing theories, through education and training enhances better o utcomes for patients and caregivers
Friday, December 27, 2019
Begin meditating for 10 minutes a day Start by enhancing your ability to focus. The scientifically proven way to improve your focus and therefore your ability to have more willpower is through meditation. Research to the benefits of meditation and mental health is overwhelmingly positive. In fact, itÃ¢â¬â¢s nearly impossible to find a study saying meditation is negative for you. It isnÃ¢â¬â¢t even just the positive impact on your mental strength Ã¢â¬â studies have shown meditation to be beneficial for your physical health as well. Meditating can provide you with more energy, which is useful for your mental strength as well. When you have energy, you are more able to make good decisions and have the mental and physical strength to keep moving forward.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦If so, how? For instance, you might be fretting over your big garden party coming up this weekend and youÃ¢â¬â¢ll start feeling the panic over the weather forecast. They say itÃ¢â¬â¢s going to rain and you canÃ¢â¬â¢t stop thinking a bout it. Now, consider this: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Can you stop the rain from happening? No, so you shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t waste energy on feeling sorry for yourself and the guests if it rains. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Can you ensure you donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to party in the rain? Yes, you can have a Plan B in place. Ã¢â¬ ¢ What is the Plan B? The solution could be to simply rearrange the party or organise it inside the house. So, when a problem or negative feeling/event occurs in your life follow the pattern: Can you control it? If not, stop thinking about it and if yes, focus on the solution. Replace negative thoughts with productive thoughts Similarly to the above exercise of cutting thoughts on things that arenÃ¢â¬â¢t under your control, you also need to start replacing negative thoughts with productive thoughts. Having to organise your garden party indoors can be a bummer, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s just a negative way of viewing it. A more productive way is to think how to turn it into a success indoors Ã¢â¬â focusing your energy on making use of things instead of just complaining about them. We all fall to negative thinking Ã¢â¬â we do it because itÃ¢â¬â¢s easy. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s so much easier to sit grumpily at the train stationÃ¢â¬â¢s cafÃ © and whine about the delays than going out to figure an alternative route. Next time you notice aShow MoreRelatedMeditation As A State Of Mind With Predictable And Adjustable Attention979 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespredictable and adjustable attention. Meditation is known for changing how people view the world (3). Mindfulness can come in many forms, like meditation, and is known for reducing the symptoms of mental illnesses like stress, distress, depression, and other mental health problems. Moreover, meditation is linked with mindfulness, and is known as a state of awareness alteration with the purpose of enhancing knowledge of oneself as well as reducing self-awareness (1). Meditation has been known to promote lessRead MoreHow Meditation Affects Brain Plasticity Essay1374 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMeditation means to concentrate and connect with onesÃ¢â¬â¢ own mind, to explore identity and emotions in order to be aware of conscious, sub-conscious and unconscious thoughts. Meditation originates and has been has been practiced in Asia for thousands of years for different reasons such as increasing concentration abilities, religious purposes and also to train the mind. This essay will focus on how meditation affects brain plasticity (ability to change), emotionally and intellectually, leading to betterRead MoreBuddhism, The Practical, Theatrical, And Its Social Aspects Of Buddhism1224 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBuddhism practice in many varying ways based off their geographical and social conditions.The real practice of any Buddhist is to concern themselves with their spiritual attitude that affects themselves and their community. Meditation is used to refocus th e mind to develop a greater mental state. Buddhism can be defined as:the path, and livelihood to practice the spiritual development that leads to the true nature of oneself and reality. The basics of Buddhism: there are no fixed symbols in the religionRead MoreThe Effects Of Mindfulness Interventions On Health Care Professionals And College Level Students1543 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLiterature Review In the area of health care professionals and college level students, there is evidence supporting increased stress in these populations. While these are very busy lifestyles, it is important for these individuals to engage in self-care techniques to reduce stress, which in turn could increase emotional health, physical health and life satisfaction. Research supports mindfulness practices used with students and healthcare professionals decreases perceived stress, anxiety and increasesRead MoreThe Feel Free Fitness Centre Essay907 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesactivities in both physical and mental streams. Services will offer to the people who are in age range of fifteen years to seventy five years old. Especially, Feel Free focuses the people who are staying at home, professionals who are doing documentary work, decision makers, students and disables. Also, the doors open to improve the talents of professional athletes. This fitness institute not only focuses gym purposes but also give main priority to yoga learning, meditation, drug prevention counsellingRead MoreBuddhism : The Philosophy And Religion1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In the 6th century BC, Siddhartha or Gautama Buddha was born in a royal family in the hills of the Himalayas. Prince Siddhartha was constantly in search of the origin of all sufferings and the path to end these sufferings. Practicing powerful meditation and freeing his mind from disturbing thoughts Ã¢â¬â Siddhartha strove to unravel the mystery of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s tragedies. At the end of his journey Siddhartha became Buddha or Ã¢â¬Å"enlightenedÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â his mission became the cornerstone of the Buddhist philosophyRead MoreThe Group Rules And Norms978 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshidden in foods and legal drugs that cause anxiety, depression, and contribute to negative mental health symptoms. Will distribute handouts with lists of pseudostressors . Holistic: Benefits of exercise, nutrition, and meditation/mindfulness. Clients will learn about the benefits of exercise, which increases endorphins and reduces stress hormones. Will also demonstrate the benefits of nutrition, meditation, and mindfulness. Deep diaphragmatic breathing: Clients will learn the benefits of deepRead MoreSelf Care1408 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesburn out, our group has integrated the practices of exercise and meditation into our daily schedules. In the following, we discuss how both mediation and exercise worked and didnÃ¢â¬â¢t work for us, what we learned while on this journey, and how we applied our learning to teach someone the skills and knowledge we obtained in meditation and exercise. Countless research and studies have been conducted to explore the benefits of meditation and exercise in relation to peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s well-being. Dimeo, Thomas,Read MoreHealth Issues Of The United States1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageschronic health issues, some of that independence and freedom is taken away from us by our own ill health. While it may seem that illness and health issues pop up overnight, the fact is, they take a long time to rear their heads and are a result of weeks, months, and even years of poor lifestyle choices (ie poor nutrition choices, lack of exercise, etc.). The good news is, we are not victims of the aging process like our parents and grandparents believed. We do not have to surrender our health, freedomRead MoreThe Role Of Therapeutic Recreation In Newfoundland1662 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRecreation Association Conference. The conference consisted of sessions delivered by those in the field of Therapeutic Recreation and related areas in Newfoundland and Labrador. I was able to attend many sessions involving topics like inclusion, mental health and empowerment, and through which, attained many new skills and perspectives for my future in therapeutic recreation. Before this conference, I did not have a solid idea as to what therapeutic recreation truly looked like in Newfoundland. However
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Social Loafing and Recommendations on How to Reduce Its Occurrence within Groups Working on University Poster Presentations Abstract Social loafing occurs in groups and reduces group effectiveness and productivity. Various literatures on social loafing reviewed suggest that the group size, the identifiably of the participants, the evaluation of their performance, peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs about their feelings of uniqueness, envy, task difficulty, how peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs about their feelings of uniqueness and expectations of co-workers are variables that influence social loafing in a group. Based on the literatures, a better understanding of social loafing was reached and some recommendations on how toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The first experiment to suggest a possible decrement in individual motivation as a result of working in a group was conducted over 70 years ago by a German psychologist named Max Ringelmann (Latane et al 1979; Karau Williams 1993). In the experiment, he had people pull on a rope either alone or in groups. He noticed that, as more and more people are added to a group pulling on a ro pe, the total force exerted by the group rose, but the average force exerted by each group member declined. In addition, the results show an inverse relationship between the size of a group and the magnitude of group members individual contribution to the accomplishment of the task. Latane et al. (1979) continued Ringelmann study by conducting an experiment in which they had participants clap and shout, either alone or as a member of a group. Researchers measured how loud the participants clapped and shouted in various conditions and found that participants in the group condition clapped and shouted significantly less loudly than those in the alone condition. The researchers reasoned that social loafing occurred because people assume that other members of the group will not pull their own weight, and, therefore, they should not work any harder than their fellow group members. In addition,Show MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesOrganizational Behavior This page intentionally left blank Organizational Behavior EDITION 15 Stephen P. Robbins Ã¢â¬âSan Diego State University Timothy A. Judge Ã¢â¬âUniversity of Notre Dame i3iEi35Bj! Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Editorial Director: Sally Yagan Director of Editorial Services:Read MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 Pagesbuilt-in pretests and posttests, focus on what you need to learn and to review in order to succeed. Visit www.mymanagementlab.com to learn more. DEVELOPING MANAGEMENT SKILLS EIGHTH EDITION David A. Whetten BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY Kim S. Cameron UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN Prentice Hall Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul SingaporeRead MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words Ã |Ã 1056 PagesPre-loaded, ready-to-use assignments and presentations www.wiley.com/college/quickstart Technical Support 24/7 FAQs, online chat, and phone support www.wileyplus.com/support Your WileyPLUS Account Manager Training and implementation support www.wileyplus.com/accountmanager MAKE IT YOURS! Fundamentals of Human Resource Management Tenth Edition David A. DeCenzo Coastal Carolina University Conway, SC Stephen P. Robbins San Diego State University San Diego, CA Tenth Edition Contributor Read MoreLibrary Management204752 Words Ã |Ã 820 Pagesconsent of the publisher. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 2007007922 ISBN: 978Ã¢â¬â1Ã¢â¬â59158Ã¢â¬â408Ã¢â¬â7 978Ã¢â¬â1Ã¢â¬â59158Ã¢â¬â406Ã¢â¬â3 (pbk.) First published in 2007 Libraries Unlimited, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881 A Member of the Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc. www.lu.com Printed in the United States of America The paper used in this book complies with the Permanent Paper Standard issued by the National Information Standards Organization (Z39.48-1984). 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 To our grandchildren
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Enumerate whether Creativity and Innovation are mutually exclusive or mutually exhaustive. Answer: Introduction In the present era of globalisation and advancement creativity and innovation has become a widely discussed issue. In this particular assignment the author has conducted an extensive research on creativity and innovation. However, before ushering towards the huge canvas of the conducted research, it is necessary to effectively define the terms creativity and innovation. It is also necessary to identify whether these two are same and whether they are mutually exclusive. Defining Creativity and Innovation in the Educational Context While searching for the definitions of creativity and innovation apart from the context of the classroom notes, the researcher has obtained some interesting results. Author focused on the topics as a means of defining problems,idea generation, eliminating perceived valued, brainstorming, equilateral thinking and creativity(Somech Drach-Zahavy, 2013). However, the text clearly specifies that this is not the definition of creativity and innovation. On the other end of the spectrum, author of the paper Intelligence, creativity and innovation have defined creativity as the procedure of generating useful and novel ideas; the text has not focused effectively over innovation(Squalli Wilson, 2014).Nelsons Organisational Behaviour which is a necessary text book for a core unit for the students of Federation University contains both creativity as well as innovation in its index. As specified in the index creativity is emphasized in pages 142, 153-154 and 155-157 while innovation is explained in the pages 30-33, 142, 188, 248 and finally in 298. In page number 143 the title of creativity is found to be in bold letter, however, here a discussion about creativity in the context of teams as well as individuals is discussed rather than clearly defining it. Finally a definition of creativity can be seen in the page 155 which specifies that creativity is simply a process induced by factors which may be individual as well as organisational an d thereby gives rise to novel and useful ideas, products or both(Nelson Quick, 2016). At this point of research while the researcher was extensively emphasising on the undergraduate to post graduate course materials, it has been observed that there is no connection between creativity and innovation. At the same time no definition of innovation is available as well. As it has been observed in the Fatimahs personal website that creativity and innovation can be incorporated in the education system. As per Fatimah, alongside the other activities creative techniques for learning have been implemented in the classes. The teachers are being trained to become more innovative. The website explains that an innovative teacher or educator will always try to find out new ways through which the process of teaching could be made more effective and efficient(Fatimah's Personal Website, 2017). On an added notion authors have also explained creativity as a cognitive process through which ideas, commodities and concepts can be developed(Benedek, Jauk, Sommer, Arendasy, Neubauer, 2014). In this definition discovery is considered as novel by the creator or may seem to be novel to the target audiences. The text also defines innovation simply as a new idea which is applied for the initiation or improvement of a process, service or product. The main distinctive feature of this text is it links innovation with entrepreneurship and leadership but not with creativity. Creativity is discussed only in the context of decision making activities. Ultimately a connection has been specified by researcher, as nurturing creativity and innovation amongst those who are surrounding an individual is as challenging as improving the persons own creativity(Dawson Andriopoulos, 2014). Defining Creativity and Innovation in the Context of Business As specified by researchers creativity is the process of producing novel and creative ideas in any dominion of human activity and it is also identified as the first step towards innovation.They have also shed light over the definition of creativity provided by Gurteens (1998). The discussion of them looks upon creativity as procedure of generating ideas and innovation as the process through which these ideas can be implied into action by shifting and refining them. Recently Warby Parker has depicted the introduction of creativity in corporate culture and thereby it has achieved significant success as well. It has a devoted creative team within the enterprise that looks after the operations within the organisation. At the same time the team also arranges fun events, dinners and several other programmes(Dawson Andriopoulos, 2014). On the other hand creativity in a business context has also been defined as a process through which novel ideas can be generated(Somech Drach-Zahavy, 2013). The author also stated that creativity is very crucial for innovation. If creativity is attached with the ideas then innovation will remain attached with the products and services. The value of creativity gets reduced if and only if it is considered without innovation(Yoshida, Sendjaya, Hirst, Cooper, 2014). The creative ideas can be used to feed the pipeline of rigorous innovation and without creative ideas innovation can be considered as an engine without fuel. In a different way it can be stated that though creativity and innovation are two different processes they do rely on each other so as to yield effective results. Applying Creativity and Innovation in Business The 21st century skills have been divided into three broad categories and these are, creative thinking, collaborating and working creatively with the other people and implementation of innovation(Bateson, Bateson, Martin, 2013). However, it is necessary to identify whether this is a new concept or it has existed for a while? So as to answer this particular question effectively a chronological review of the literature where innovation and creativity has been applied in business have been undertaken. In the year 1997, the California Management Review published an article which was written by TeressaAmabile and in this article it was mentioned that, so as to achieve and sustain continuous growth in organisations innovation is crucially important(Amabile, 1997). On the other hand, author published an article and opined that it is mandatory for the organisations to encourage their employees to become more creative and through this the organisation will be able to develop innovative products, procedures and services. The article also emphasised over the fact that the employees are required to be trained in a creative environment and at the same time the organisation should design its culture in a manner that it would support and encourage creativity. This article was published in The Leadership and Organisational Development Journal in the year 1999 and also in Team Performance Management: An International Journal in 2000, the title of the article was Techniques to enhance creative thinking(Roffe, 1999). It has been observed that the Southwest Airlines also promotes a creative and innovative organisational culture. The key technique that the organisation applies is that it communicates the objectives and corporate vision of the company to all the employees and thereby encourages them to provide some additional feedback. This at the same time makes the employees to feel that they are a part of the business strategy making body. Through this strategy the company has achieved brilliant outcomes in its business(Dawson Andriopoulos, 2014). In the 2000, there were an article that stated that as with the emergence of globalisation there is a trend of increasing competition in the business environment, organisations are continuously trying to become innovation(Andriopoulos Lowe, 2000). It has been observed in the context of both not-for-profits as well as profit based organisations. The article proceeded towards defining the term creative organisation as a business enterprise which accrues its income through the development of innovative and novel ideas, products, processes and services to mitigate the needs of the clients. Authors of this article also found that so as to obtain the appropriate solution the staff are required to be extensively creative and should be involved in the pursuit of innovation. In the year 2002, Journal of Business Research published an article where they pointed out the fact that creativity can be considered as a resource to the organisation which possesses the potential to provide competitive edge to the organisation. The basic aim of the paper was to critically analyse the roles of teams as well as individuals in generating ideas as a non-separable part of the organisational creativity and innovation procedures(Martins Terblanche, 2003). They also outlined the fact that encouraging the process of creativity at an individual level will give rise to improved creativity at the group or organisational level. In the year 2003, The Leadership Quarterly published an article which emphasised on enhancing the creative activities within the work groups and the increased requirement for involving divergent thinking within the teams which will in turn make the teams more competitive in nature. Although, this paper enlightens the fact that divergent thinking is the speciality of an individual while the speciality of a team is embedded within convergent thinking(Jung, Chow, Wu, 2003). Divergent thinking is a process which is mandatory for solving problems in a creative manner and hence teams are essentially required to get engaged deliberately in the process of divergent thinking. This as a result will make the teams more creative and this is not only good for the bottom line but also is a rewarding experience. There is a paper that states the fact that the culture of an organisation can affect the creativity and innovation within the organisation. The research work of the author also brought out the fact that the organisations can be benefitted by designing and establishing a creative and innovative culture(Roffe, 1999). Therefore the human resources available within the organisation play a major role in facilitating the desired cultural change and thereby designing the initiatives of training. In the year 2010 IBM conducted a survey which covered nearly 33 industries across 60 countries and questioned more than 1500 Chief Executive Officers. The feature of creativity has been identified as the most crucial quality of leadership in the next five years. The creative leadersencourages disruptive innovation, induce others to discard the out dated approaches and undertake balanced risk. This is quintessential for the success of an organisation in the presently prevailing unpredictable and complicated business environment. In other words creativity can be regarded as the raw material for innovation when innovation is implemented in a creative manner; however the companies are not ready to embrace these factors. Although an effective and efficient leader can fetch the rewards of the creativity, innovation and adaptability of an organisation. However, in order to do so the leaders should effectively maintain the necessary frameworks of risk management and strategic alignment. The Harvard Business Review 2012, March edition published five articles based on creativity and innovation. The overall range of the themes of these articles were in an organisation a culture is needed that supports innovation and helps it to flourish in future, success is dependent over the technical innovation and human innovation, focus should always remain on rigorous creation, businesses are always required to support continuous innovation of products, management and processes. In other words, innovation is not only important for the organisations for maintaining their competitiveness but also for the employees who wish to feel satisfied with their jobs(Birdi, 2016). In 2013, the Inside HR printed an article regarding the reinvention of human resource department of Google with new employees as well as new strategies of management. According to researchers, executives started to realiser the fact that continuous innovation cannot take place until or unless the firm makes a shift towards focusing on excellent people management. This can be simplified as innovations originate from people and innovation cannot be maximised until and unless the organisation becomes able to recruit and retain innovative employees. This is not sufficient on an added notion an innovative environment is also necessary(Davies, Jindal-Snape, Digby, Howe, Collier, Hay, 2014). Google is a very famous organisation and is widely popular because of its workplace designing and promotions of collaborating activities. This is solely because it has realised the fact that continuous innovation is the result of three factors acting together, collaboration, discovery and fun. Again the fourth issue of Inside HR in 2013 included an article which was named 6 talent management lessons from Silicon Valley. These factors were considered to be essential for the organisations which were willing to innovate and move faster. The first and foremost factor is the productivity of the innovation supplants which is considered as the key goal of the workforce. It also emphasised over the recruitment procedures as 100 per cent of the innovation comes from the people associated with the organisation.The article also enlightened the fact that most of the firms are now realising why Silicon Valley is widely known for many years and this is because their innovation activities are increasing gradually with collaboration(Bateson, Bateson, Martin, 2013). In this particular year innovation and creativity kept on appearing in the various human resource magazines which are Inside HR and Human Resource Media. Author believed the fact that innovation is the compound effect of three materials, initiative, creation and passion. At the same point of time an organisation is also required where innovation is taking place continuously. As opined by author organisations always want their employees to be more innovative, agile and be able to mitigate problems in a way that nobody has seen before(Wyse Ferrari, 2015). In order to do so the firms must encourage creativity. The author also clarified that creativity is simply a discipline and like all the other talents it can be learnt. The firms should also support the people within it for developing these skills. This has a positive impact over the development of the organisations for the HR practitioners. Link between Education and Business Author stated the fact that young people looks at the world in a very creative way though in the education system creativity is not incorporated in an appropriate way. This is because the education system is so designed that it pursues the young people to go through tough examinations. Afterwards when they finish their education their natural potential of creativity gets suppressed(Davies, Jindal-Snape, Digby, Howe, Collier, Hay, 2014). This specific view is supported by the researchers as they have conducted investigation regarding the implementation of deliberate thinking tools within the classrooms and also in tertiary education. As it has widely been accepted that creativity is quintessential in the modern competitive world it will certainly not be beneficial for an individual to forego the opportunity of developing creativity within the classrooms. Hence it can be stated that though there is not a high association between education and creativity, the authorities should certain ly look after this fact and try to induce the association between these two. Personal Reflection As a student of master degree I have selected creativity and innovation as my elective subject. In this section I will shed light on why this particular topic is important. The answer to this question can be provided in the following manner. I have conducted an extensive literature review while I was writing this report. Numerous journal articles, human resource and business magazines and books helped me to realise the fact that creativity and innovation is mandatory for the success of any organisation in the present competitive environment. In order to achieve success the organisations are required to hire people who are creative in nature and also possess the ability to innovate new ideas. At the same time I have also got acquainted about the fact that creativity and innovation is a skill that can be learned, hence it will also be beneficial to teach the subject in different graduate and undergraduate courses. Moreover, I will also suggest that our education system does not incorporate creativity and innovation within itself. As a result the ability to think creatively gets diminished among the pupils. Hence I would recommend that one should try to accommodate and give way to creativity so that it can enter into the education system. Rather than teaching the students what the right answer will be, they should be given the opportunity to examine all the possible alternatives and then select the appropriate answer on their own. The extensive literature survey that I have conducted for preparing this report, have helped me to a great extent. It has enriched my knowledgebase and I hope it will also assist me in my further career development. Conclusion Creativity and innovation are not just words; they play a crucial role in our daily life. Through a chronological research of the relevant journal articles, it has been proved how important these are for an organisation. Moreover, different definitions of creativity and innovation have also been discussed in the paper. On the other hand, the organisations are encouraged to enhance creativity among its people and try to recruit and retain creative people in it. However, it can be stated that the report has successfully covered the necessary requirements and hopefully it will be a helpful documentation based on creativity and innovation. Works Cited Amabile, T. M. (1997). Motivating creativity in organizations: On doing what you love and loving what you do. California management review, 40(1), 39-58. Andriopoulos, C., Lowe, A. (2000). Enhancing organisational creativity: the process of perpetual challenging. Management Decision, 38(1), 734-742. Bateson, P., Bateson, P. P., Martin, P. .. (2013). Play, playfulness, creativity and innovation. London: Cambridge University Press. Benedek, M., Jauk, E., Sommer, M., Arendasy, M., Neubauer, A. C. (2014). Intelligence, creativity, and cognitive control: The common and differential involvement of executive functions in intelligence and creativity. Intelligence, 46(1), 73-83. Birdi, K. ( 2016). Creativity training. In Human Resource Management, Innovation and Performance. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. Davies, D., Jindal-Snape, D., Digby, R., Howe, A., Collier, C., Hay, P. (2014). The roles and development needs of teachers to promote creativity: A systematic review of literature. Teaching and Teacher Education, 41(1), 34-41. Dawson, P., Andriopoulos, C. (2014). Managing change, creativity and innovation. London: Sage. Fatimah's Personal Website. (2017). languageacademy.utm. Retrieved August 21, 2017, from Creativity and Innovation in Teaching and Learning Supervision and Assessment: https://languageacademy.utm.my/fatima/innovation-and-creativity-in-teaching-and-learning-approach/ Jung, D. I., Chow, C., Wu, A. (2003). The role of transformational leadership in enhancing organizational innovation: Hypotheses and some preliminary findings. The Leadership Quarterly, 14(4), 525-544. Martins, E. C., Terblanche, F. (2003). Building organisational culture that stimulates creativity and innovation. European journal of innovation management, 6(1), 64-74. Nelson, D. L., Quick, J. C. (2016). Orgb. London: Nelson Education. Roffe, I. (1999). Innovation and creativity in organisations: a review of the implications for training and development. Journal of European industrial training, 23(4/5), 224-241. Somech, A., Drach-Zahavy, A. (2013). Translating team creativity to innovation implementation: The role of team composition and climate for innovation. Journal of Management, 39(3), 684-708. Somech, A., Drach-Zahavy, A. (2013). Translating team creativity to innovation implementation: The role of team composition and climate for innovation. Journal of Management, 39(3), 684-708. Squalli, J., Wilson, K. (2014). Intelligence, creativity, and innovation. Intelligence, 46(1), 250-257. Stone, M., Woodcock, N. (2014). Interactive, direct and digital marketing: A future that depends on better use of business intelligence. Journal of Research in Interactive Marketing, 8(1), 4-17. Wyse, D., Ferrari, A. (2015). Creativity and education: Comparing the national curricula of the states of the European Union and the United Kingdom. British Educational Research Journal, 41 (1), 30-47. Yoshida, D. T., Sendjaya, S., Hirst, G., Cooper, B. (2014). Does servant leadership foster creativity and innovation? A multi-level mediation study of identification and prototypicality. Journal of Business Research, 67(7), 1395-1404.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Stranded On A Desert Island Many people would say that if they went to a deserted island they would probably say that they wouldn't go to one. I would say the opposite if I had to go to one. If I went to a deserted island I would probably bring with me a CD player with CD's, three or four girls and one of my friends, and I would also bring supplies to build a large house. When I get to the island we start to build a very large house before we start to populate the island. After about five years we would have a large population of children. We will cut down trees and build a tree house for the children, and we also would make clothes out of animal skin and leaves. Many people would still say that living on an island like that is barbaric, but it is a way of life. This is a question to ponder, if you were the founder of America like the Pilgrims, what difference would there be except for no Native Americans? Would there be a difference? I don't think there is but it is a good question to ponder. I feel that I should try it sometime, go to a deserted island and stay there for a week, and see how it feels. My feelings on this is that you do not have to be brave to do anything you just have to have the courage and will. I recommend that you try it sometime, it will feel exhilarating.
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Gulliver's Travels - Satire in Lilliput Gulliver's Travels - Satire in Lilliput Generations of schoolchildren raised on the first Book of "Gulliver's Travels" have loved it as a delightful visit to a fantasy kingdom full of creatures they can relate to-little creatures, like themselves. Few casual readers look deeply enough to recognize the satire just below the surface. But Jonathan Swift was one of the great satirists of his or any other age, and "Gulliver's Travels" is surely the apex of his art. "Gulliver's Travels" tells the story of Lemuel Gulliver, a ship's surgeon who has a number of rather extraordinary adventures, comprising four sections or "Books." In Book I, his ship is blown off course and Gulliver is shipwrecked. He wakes up flat on his back on the shore, and discovers that he cannot move; he has been bound to the earth by thousands of tiny crisscrossing threads. He soon discovers that his captors are tiny men about six inches high, natives of the land of Lilliput. He is released from his prone position only to be confined in a ruined temple by ninety-one tiny but unbreakable chains. In spite of his predicament, Gulliver is at first impressed by the intelligence and organizational abilities of the Lilliputians. In this section, Swift introduces us to the essential conflict of Book I: the naive, ordinary, but compassionate "Everyman" at the mercy of an army of people with "small minds". Because they are technologically adept, Gulliver does not yet see how small-minded the Lilliputians are. In Chapter II, the Emperor of Lilliput arrives to take a look at the "giant", and Gulliver is equally impressed by the Emperor and his courtiers. They are handsome and richly dressed, and the Emperor attempts to speak to Gulliver civilly (although they are unable to understand one another). The Emperor decrees that every morning Gulliver is to be delivered "six beeves, forty sheep, and other victuals," along with as much bread and wine as he needs, his basic needs are to be attended to, and six scholars are to teach Gulliver the language of his new compatriots. Again, in this chapter, Gulliver is won over by the fact that the Lilliputians are well-dressed and articulate (despite the fact that they speak a language he cannot understand). He is still held captive by these people, both metaphorically, as in being entranced by them, and literally. It is in this chapter that Gulliver first asks to be freed and is refused. As Chapter III opens, Gulliver and his captors have become great friends. Much in the style of a travelogue, Gulliver describes for the reader some of the unusual forms of entertainment practiced by the Lilliputians. For instance, anyone desiring a high position at court is required to jump up and down on a tightrope stretched six inches above the floor (and remember, Lilliputians are only six inches high). Only those who are able to do it win the office, and anyone wishing to remain in office may be asked to do it again. If he fails, he's out the door, and a successful rope-dancer takes his place. Gulliver remarks that it would seem that noble birth or a fine educational background would seem to be better predictors of one's ability to govern than dancing on a rope, but the Lilliputians find no sense in that. A similar "trial" requires office-seekers to jump over or crawl under a stick, sort of a combination vault and limbo exercise. The Emperor, who holds the stick, raises or lowers the stick suddenly and without warning, so the performer is obliged to change tactics midstream. Winners receive a snippet of colored thread, which they wear on their clothing with great pride. Gulliver delights the Emperor by inventing some new forms of entertainment, also; one involves making the calvary perform military maneuvers on the drum-taut surface of his handkerchief, stretched above the ground, but when a rider is thrown, Gulliver stops the game. At the end of this chapter, Gulliver is freed after agreeing to nine silly conditions. Chapter III is where it really gets interesting. Look at the types of entertainment the Lilliputians engage in, and why they do so. Swift makes a point of telling us that the only people who perform the rope dance are people seeking to acquire or maintain a high position at court, so this is actually not a form of "entertainment" at all; it's a form of political selection. And, Swift implies, it makes as much sense as the way many political appointments in his day were made-which is to say it makes no sense at